In search of cheap electricity – green strategies of Polish entrepreneurs



Adam Wlizło

Member of the Board

There are at least several reasons why companies are joining the green trend of energy transformation. For some it is a matter of co-responsibility for the climate, for others it is a profitable alternative to purchase electricity from more and more expensive conventional (coal) sources, for others it is the basis of business - they provide the energy sector with green solutions: legal, technological or even economic. It can be safely said that the prospect of market development is at least large.

In recent years, Polish branches of international concerns, promoting ecological logistic choices in their strategies, have been interested in purchasing "green" energy on the domestic market. Energy sellers sealed the energy supplied to corporations with green certificates, which satisfied buyers and did not generate additional costs for the sellers (after all, they bought some energy from RES anyway). Companies that needed more reliable than the aforementioned certificates, documents proving the production of energy from renewable energy sources, received guarantees of origin registered on the exchange.

Currently, the financial pressure resulting from the growing costs of purchasing electricity has increased the interest of a new group of entrepreneurs in green energy - these are companies with Polish roots. Their owners are frantically analyzing the possibilities of buying energy several years ahead by concluding PPA contracts (e.g. long-term purchase of energy from photovoltaic farms) or by investing in their own energy generation sources.

When concluding a PPA contract, it is worth taking a careful look at all contractual conditions, including in particular the price at which the remaining energy will be purchased from the entity responsible for balancing. It may turn out that the profit from the cheaper purchase of energy from the RES farm will be offset by the extremely high balancing costs.

When looking for cheaper electricity, it is worth considering investing in your own energy generation source, as long as you have adequate resources. With the current energy prices (the price of the band product for 2023 exceeds PLN 600 / MWh), investments pay off even after 3 years. We encourage entrepreneurs to carefully verify the various investment implementation models offered on the market - for example leasing a photovoltaic installation or building a PV farm away from the place of energy reception.

In the last year, the purchase of green energy, in addition to its positive impact on the environment, ceased to be a luxury or a PR activity of the company, and has become a reasonable investment of capital and a leverage for many Polish businesses.

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About cheap energy for 2023, or what to do to take advantage of preferential prices

The guaranteed maximum sale price will apply in the period from December 1, 2022 to the end of 2023. Some companies will also be able to benefit from compensation for energy purchases in the previous months of 2022. These are companies that signed a sales contract for 2022 after February 24, 2022 or those that signed a contract for 2022 earlier, but this contract allowed the purchase based on the so-called stock exchange model, under which at least one tranche of energy purchase for 2022 was made after February 24, 2022.

In the event that the entrepreneur is late with submitting the declaration by November 30, 2022, and provides the seller with the document at a later date, the purchase of energy at a preferential price will be made from the next month (e.g. entrepreneurs who submit a declaration in December may count on the application of the maximum price in settlements from January 2023).

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cPPA contracts – an opportunity for cheap energy from renewable energy sources

The cPPA (Corporate Power Purchase Agreements) contracts entered the Polish power industry's salons just a few years ago. The first ones willing to take advantage of the contracts were market leaders who created the trend of co-responsibility for the environment, as well as entrepreneurs for whom it was important to guarantee a fixed purchase price for at least a few consecutive years. These contracts are usually concluded for a period of 5-10 years, which results from the requirements set by RES producers (by concluding such contracts, RES producers allow financing of the sources being built, mainly photovoltaic and wind farms).

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Energy prices for 2023. About the risk of purchasing energy at SPOT market prices

How is it with these energy prices? Buy energy for 2023 now or wait until autumn to buy energy with the hope of lowering prices? Make a purchase at a predetermined price or choose a pricing mechanism based on stock indices? Should you decide to buy energy based on long-term cPPA contracts or decide to invest in your own energy generation sources?

The answer to all questions is: it depends. On a macro scale, it depends on geopolitics. Prices of coal, gas, emission allowances. The situation on European markets and the increasing uncertainty of raw material supplies. EU or local political decisions accelerating or inhibiting the development of the energy sector. On a micro scale, it depends on the situation of a specific company. Its business profile, current and expected financial situation, market awareness as well as the risk appetite of its management.

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