In search of cheap electricity – green strategies of Polish entrepreneurs



Adam Wlizło

Member of the Board

There are at least several reasons why companies are joining the green trend of energy transformation. For some it is a matter of co-responsibility for the climate, for others it is a profitable alternative to purchase electricity from more and more expensive conventional (coal) sources, for others it is the basis of business - they provide the energy sector with green solutions: legal, technological or even economic. It can be safely said that the prospect of market development is at least large.

In recent years, Polish branches of international concerns, promoting ecological logistic choices in their strategies, have been interested in purchasing "green" energy on the domestic market. Energy sellers sealed the energy supplied to corporations with green certificates, which satisfied buyers and did not generate additional costs for the sellers (after all, they bought some energy from RES anyway). Companies that needed more reliable than the aforementioned certificates, documents proving the production of energy from renewable energy sources, received guarantees of origin registered on the exchange.

Currently, the financial pressure resulting from the growing costs of purchasing electricity has increased the interest of a new group of entrepreneurs in green energy - these are companies with Polish roots. Their owners are frantically analyzing the possibilities of buying energy several years ahead by concluding PPA contracts (e.g. long-term purchase of energy from photovoltaic farms) or by investing in their own energy generation sources.

When concluding a PPA contract, it is worth taking a careful look at all contractual conditions, including in particular the price at which the remaining energy will be purchased from the entity responsible for balancing. It may turn out that the profit from the cheaper purchase of energy from the RES farm will be offset by the extremely high balancing costs.

When looking for cheaper electricity, it is worth considering investing in your own energy generation source, as long as you have adequate resources. With the current energy prices (the price of the band product for 2023 exceeds PLN 600 / MWh), investments pay off even after 3 years. We encourage entrepreneurs to carefully verify the various investment implementation models offered on the market - for example leasing a photovoltaic installation or building a PV farm away from the place of energy reception.

In the last year, the purchase of green energy, in addition to its positive impact on the environment, ceased to be a luxury or a PR activity of the company, and has become a reasonable investment of capital and a leverage for many Polish businesses.

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Through the eye of an expert. About the purchase of electricity for 2024

Many entrepreneurs take advantage of the current, relatively good market situation and have already started contracting electricity for 2024. Unlike in previous years, some companies have even completed it and are already making purchases for 2025. Companies for which the cost of energy purchase has a significant share in the entire cost structure more and more often base their decisions on individualized purchasing strategies tailored to the specificity of their operations, taking into account both current market conditions and scenarios in the event of their significant change. These strategies are the basis for the selection of the energy contracting model, they also allow for the implementation of investment or purchasing activities in the field of green energy, which is gaining in importance.

From mid-January 2023, the energy exchange prices for 2024 oscillate in the range of PLN 700-850/MWh. It can be said that this is quite a promotion, considering that in the previous six months these prices generally did not go below PLN 1000/MWh, and at the peak they even reached PLN 1800/MWh. Current prices for companies are approx. PLN 100-200/MWh higher than the exchange prices (this value includes the costs incurred by sellers related to profiling and balancing customers, the so-called "colors", excise duty, service costs, but also the accompanying risks of price changes and sellers margin of course).

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Join Enfree. Your future in the energy market.

The energy market poses more and more challenges to Polish companies. At Enfree, we help to face them - we develop energy purchase strategies for the largest recipients in the country and carry out purchasing processes for them.

If you know energy and would like to work with us, write to us. We are looking for support for our team.

Call us: +48 695 000 950

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Why is it not worth waiting with the purchase of energy for 2024?

Loudly in the network about "low", exchange prices of energy listed on the SPOT market in January 2023. (low from the perspective of the prices we faced in 2022). A relatively attractive price level favors entrepreneurs whose energy sales contracts enable the settlement of energy purchases taking into account the current exchange prices (the so-called Day-Ahead Market).

Settlement taking into account exchange prices, both futures market and DAM (SPOT) prices, is an increasingly popular form of settlement of energy sold to large electricity and gas consumers.

Why is it worth not delaying the signing of such an agreement for 2024? Because we gain more than we lose. The main advantage is the ability to react immediately to the market situation. When the time is right, the purchase can be made immediately. In order to take full advantage of this arrangement, it is important to have enough time to catch the price opportunities that occur throughout the year. Therefore, the beginning of the year is a good time to look around the market and choose electricity and gas suppliers for the next year.

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